The Great Lisbon Earthquake of November 1755 led, together with a massive conflagration and a tsunami, to the almost complete destruction of Portugal's capital of Lisbon. Among other things, the disaster invariably caused a general rethink in Medieval building. The Marquis of Pombal stands as the champion of Absolutist Enlightenment in the country and for the reconstruction of the capital.
In particular, today the old Art Nouveau buildings in the "lower city", known as "Baixa Pombalino", attest to the way Lisbon was rebuilt from the ashes. Baixa Pombalino is something like the architectural highlight of the city that stands on the shores of the Tejo river. In the heart of this historical district, on the corner of Rua dos Fanqueiros and Rua da Conceição, is an exemplary example of the type of building erected in the spirit of Enlightener Pombal: "Pombalino" is a half-timbered house dating from the 18th century – and it has now been modernized by Portuguese architect José Adrião.
Taking their cue from Dutch antecedents, these half-timbered houses hinge on piles made of the trunks of common oak and holm oak. When modernizing the building, José Adrião specifically focused on including the half-timbered elements. The images in typical Portuguese tiling both inside the building and on the façade were likewise retained. Bright rooms flooded with light contrast with the wooden floor boards, worn by generations of users. The rooms thrive on the cracks in the beams, the Moorish décor of the tiles, and the assembly of lfea-market design classics.
FG + SG | Architectural Photography
14 April 2011
Renovation of a "Pombalino" in the heart of Lisbon, dating from the 18th century | all photos © Fernando Guerra und Sérgio Guerra | Architectural Photography